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CBC is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television. The English- and French-language service units of the corporation are commonly known as CBC and Radio-Canada, respectively. It was established on November 2, 1936. CBC is the oldest existing broadcasting network in Canada.
The CBC operates four terrestrial radio networks: The English-Language CBC Radio One and CBC Music, and the French-Language Ici Radio-Canada Première and Ici Musique. (International radio service Radio Canada International historically transmitted via shortwave radio, but since 2012 its content is only available as podcasts on its website.)
The CBC also operates two terrestrial television networks, the English-Language CBC Television and the French-Language Ici Radio-Canada Télé, along with the satellite/cable networks CBC News Network, Ici RDI, Ici Explora, Documentary Channel (part ownership), and Ici ARTV.
The CBC operates services for the Canadian Arctic under the names CBC North and Radio-Canada Nord. The CBC also operates digital services including CBC.ca/Ici.Radio-Canada.ca, CBC Radio 3, CBC Music/ICI.mu and Ici.TOU.TV, and owns 20.2% of satellite radio broadcaster Sirius XM Canada, which carries several CBC-produced audio channels.
- Quirks & Quarks
The Secret Life of Canada
- The Sunday Edition Because News
- The Doc Project
- More with Anna Maria Tremonti
- Unlocking Bryson’s Brain
- The CBC Election Pollcast from CBC Radio
- Sanctioned: The Arrest of a Telecom Giant
- Comedy Factory from CBC Radio
- alberta@noon from CBC Radio (Highlights)
- Mainstreet Halifax \x96 CBC Radio
- Mainstreet Cape Breton
- Morning North from CBC Radio Sudbury (Highlights)
- CBC News: World at Six
- The Eyeopener from CBC Radio Calgary (Highlights)
- Shift (NB)
- Ontario Morning from CBC Radio
- Atlantic Voice
- CBC Newfoundland Morning
- Labrador Morning from CBC Radio Nfld. and Labrador (Highlights)
- Under the Influence from CBC Radio
- North by Northwest from CBC Radio British Columbia (Highlights)
- Quirks and Quarks from CBC Radio
- Day 6 from CBC Radio
- q: The Podcast from CBC Radio
- As It Happens from CBC Radio
- The House from CBC Radio
- Laugh Out Loud from CBC Radio
CBC History in 1929, Aird Commission on public broadcasting recommended the creation of a national radio broadcast network. A major concern was the growing influence of American radio broadcasting as U.S.-based networks began to expand into Canada. Meanwhile, Canadian National Railways was making a radio network to keep its passengers entertained and give it an advantage over its rival, CP.
This, the CNR Radio, is the forerunner of the CBC. Graham Spry and Alan Plaunt lobbied intensely for the project on behalf of the Canadian Radio League. In 1932 the government of R. B. Bennett established the CBC’s predecessor, the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (CRBC). The CRBC took over a network of radio stations formerly set up by a federal Crown corporation, the Canadian National Railway.
The network was used to broadcast programming to riders aboard its passenger trains, with coverage primarily in central and eastern Canada. On November 2, 1936, the CRBC was reorganized under its present name. While the CRBC was a state-owned company, the CBC was a Crown corporation on the model of the British Broadcasting Corporation, which had been reformed from a private company into a statutory corporation in 1927. Leonard Brockington was the CBC’s first chairman.
CBC has it’s headquarters based in Toronto, Canada
CBC Radio is the English-language radio operations of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. CBC headquarters is based in Ottawa Canada. The CBC operates a number of radio networks serving different audiences and programming niches, all of which (regardless of language) are outlined below.
CBC Radio operates three English language networks.
- CBC Radio One – Primarily news and information, Radio One broadcasts to most communities across Canada. Until 1997, it was known as “CBC Radio”.
- CBC Music – Broadcasts an adult music format with a variety of genres, with the classical genre generally restricted to midday hours. From 2007 to 2018, it was known as “CBC Radio 2”.
- CBC Radio 3 – Broadcasts a youth-oriented indie rock format on Internet radio and Sirius XM Radio. Some content from Radio 3 was also broadcast as weekend programming on Radio Two until March 2007.
From 1944 to 1962, the CBC split its English-language radio network into two services known as the Trans-Canada Network and the Dominion Network. The latter, carrying lighter programs including American radio shows, was dissolved in 1962, while the former became known as CBC Radio. (In the late 1990s, CBC Radio was rebranded as CBC Radio One and CBC Stereo as CBC Radio Two. The latter was re-branded slightly in 2007 as CBC Radio 2.)
- The Detectives 2018
- TallBoyz 2019
- Baroness von Sketch Show 2016
- Dragons’ Den 2006
- Hockey Night in Canada 1952
- Still Standing 2015
- Anne of Green Gables 1985
- High Arctic Haulers 2020
- Canada’s Smartest Person 2014
- Fortunate Son (TV series) 2020
- CBC Docs POV 2017
- Absolutely Canadian 1998
- Marketplace (Canadian TV program)1972
- Little Dog (TV series) 2018
- Canadian Reflections 1978
- CBC Kids 2003
- Exhibitionists (TV series) 2015
- Anne with an E 2017-2019
- Canada: The Story of Us 2017
- Interrupt This Program 2015
- Family Feud Canada 2019
- Unspeakable 2019
- CBC President
- 1936–1939: Leonard Brockington
- 1940–1944: René Morin
- 1944–1945: Howard B. Chase
- 1945–1958: A. Davidson Dunton
- 1958–1967: J. Alphonse Ouimet
- 1968–1972: George F. Davidson
- 1972–1975: Laurent A. Picard
- 1975–1982: A.W. Johnson
- 1982–1989: Pierre Juneau
- 1989: William T. Armstrong
- 1989–1994: Gérard Veilleux
- 1994–1995: Anthony S. Manera
- 1995–1999: Perrin Beatty
- 1999–2007: Robert Rabinovitch
- 2008–2018: Hubert T. Lacroix
- 2018–present: Catherine Tait
For the fiscal year 2006, the CBC received a total of $1.53 billion from all revenue sources, including government funding via taxpayers, subscription fees, advertising revenue, and other revenue (e.g., real estate). Expenditures for the year included $616 million for English television, $402 million for French television, $126 million for specialty channels, a total of $348 million for radio services in both languages, $88 million for management and technical costs, and $124 million for “amortization of property and equipment.”
Some of this spending was derived from the amortization of funding from previous years. Among its revenue sources for the year ending March 31, 2006, the CBC received $946 million in its annual funding from the federal government, as well as $60 million in “one-time” supplementary funding for programming. However, this supplementary funding has been repeated annually for a number of years.
This combined total is just over a billion dollars annually and is a source of heated debate. To supplement this funding, the CBC’s television networks and websites sell advertising, while cable/satellite-only services such as CBC News Network additionally collect subscriber fees, in line with their privately owned counterparts.
CBC’s radio services do not sell advertising except when required by law (for example, to political parties during federal elections). CBC’s funding differs from that of the public broadcasters of many European nations, which collect a license fee, or those in the United States, such as PBS and NPR, which receive some public funding but rely to a large extent on voluntary contributions from individual viewers and listeners.
A Nanos Research poll from August 2014 conducted for Asper Media (National Post, Financial Post) showed 41% of Canadians wanted funding increased, 46% wanted it maintained at current levels, and only 10% wanted to see it cut.
The network’s defenders note that the CBC’s mandate differs from private media’s, particularly in its focus on Canadian content; that much of the public funding actually goes to the radio networks; and that the CBC is responsible for the full cost of most of its prime-time programming, while private networks can fill up most of their prime-time schedules with American series acquired for a fraction of their production cost.
CBC supporters also point out that additional, long-term funding is required to provide better Canadian dramas and improved local programming to attract and sustain a strong viewership. According to the Canadian Media Guild, the $115-million deficit reduction action plan cuts to CBC which started with the 2012 budget and were fully realized in 2014, amounted to “one of the biggest layoffs of content creators and journalists in Canadian history.”
The 2014 cuts combined with earlier ones totalled “3,600 jobs lost at CBC since 2008. The CMG asked the federal government to reverse the cuts and to repeal Clause 17 of omnibus budget bill C-60 ” to remove government’s interference in CBC’s day-to-day operations.” In September 2015, the Canadian Media Guild announced that the CBC planned to sell all of its properties across Canada to gain a temporary increase in available funds.
Media relations manager Alexandra Fortier denied this and stated that the corporation planned to sell only half of its assets. In September 2015 Hubert Lacroix, president of CBC/Radio-Canada, spoke at the international public broadcasters’ conference in Munich, Germany. He claimed for the first time that public broadcasters were “at risk of extinction.”
The Canadian Media Guild responded that Lacroix had “made a career of shredding” the CBC by cutting one quarter of its staff approximately 2,000 jobs since 2010 under Lacroix’s tenure. More than 600 jobs were cut in 2014 in order “to plug a $130-million budget shortfall.” Isabelle Montpetit, president of Syndicat des communications de Radio-Canada (SCRC), observed that Lacroix was hand-picked by Stephen Harper for the job as president of the CBC.
For the fiscal year 2015, the CBC received $1.036 billion from government funding and took 5% funding cuts from the previous year. In 2015, the Liberal Party was returned to power. As part of its election platform, it promised to restore the $115 million of funding to the CBC that was cut by the Harper Government, over three years, and add $35 million, for a total extra funding of $150 million.
On November 28, 2016, the CBC issued a request for $400 million in additional funding, which it planned to use towards removing advertising from its television services, production and acquisition of Canadian content, and “additional funding of new investments to face consumer and technology disruption”. The broadcaster argued that it had operated “[under] a business model and cultural policy framework that is profoundly broken”, while other countries “[reaped] the benefits of strong, stable, well-funded public broadcasters.”